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2019年高考全国卷秋季对备考研讨会 高中教师英语学科核心素养培训体会 英语学科——何思萍

来:时间:2019-10-08 浏览:

     

           

提纲:(同)重要学习内容(第二)经验体会和反思(其三)改进措施和做法

(同)重要学习内容

先后四部分   词汇教学

词汇知识内容要求:

(1)词汇中的任何词语都是通过自然的句法关系和语义关系和其他词语建立从一定联系的,连在语境中传递信息的。学习词汇不只是记忆词的口气、展示、寄,再重要的是在报告篇被,通过听、说、读、在押、描绘等语言活动,了解和发表和主题相关的消息或观点。

(2)高中阶段的词汇教学除了引导学生更深刻地了解和再广泛地使用已学词汇以外,重要是如在语境中培养学生的词块意识,连通过大涉猎,尤其扩大词汇量,增强利用词汇准确理解和适当表达意义的能力。

必修词汇知识要求:

(1)刺探词汇的词根、词缀,控制词性的变化规律,连用于理解和发表有关主题的消息和见解;

(2)在语境中,根据不同的主题,使用词汇命名相关事物进行指代叙述行为、经过和特点证明概念相当;

(3)共计掌握2000-2100单单词。

选择性必修词汇知识要求

(1)在语境中,了解具体词语的效用、词义的内蕴和外延和作者的意图和态度等;

(2)根据不同的主题,梳理词语,连用于理解和发表相关的消息;

(3)学习形容词与名词、动词与副词、动词与名词等的习惯搭配,逐渐积累词块,适当表达意思、叙述事物;

(4)在比复杂的语境中,使用恰当词汇命名事物进行指代,叙述事件发生,叙述特征,证明概念相当;

(5)共计掌握3000-3200单单词。

增强类选修词汇知识要求

(1)使用构词法知识,扩大词汇量,结合各种主题意境,积累词块,深度上词语,在表达各种信息时增强词语使用的准确性和丰富性

(2)在一定的语境中,有效地使用同义词、靠近义词、反义词,正确理解和适当表达比较复杂的主题意义和见解;

(3)根据话题、语境、场合和人际关系等各种因素,选择适宜的词语进行比较流利的交流和发表;

(4)共计掌握4000 - 4200单单词。

Part One  必会动词词组

Part Three   同提升词汇

Part four  词义的内蕴和外延

先后五部分  语法教学 

语法知识内容要求(粗略)

(1)使用所学的语法知识,了解口头和书面语篇之中心意义,叙述真实与想象世界中的人和物、气象和波,粗略地表达意见、图和感情态度。

(2)在报告篇被了解和使用不谓语动词形式

(3)在报告篇被了解和使用各种时态和语态

(4)在报告篇被了解和使用定语从句、状语从句和名词性从句

(5)在报告篇被了解和使用粗略的省略句

(6)在报告篇被因五类句子成分动词短语、名词短语、形容词短语、副词短语、介词短语)发生选择地针对增长句和难以句进行分析

★不谓语动词+定语从句案例(控制表达性技能)

★常用句型学习:

★句型多样化学习:

★多样化句型的使用:

★难以长句语法、句法分析:

先后六部分  告知篇教学 

告知篇知识要求(必修)

1. 记叙文和说明文语篇之重要创作目的(如果:再现经历、传递信息、证明实际、想象创作)和当时类语篇之结构特征(如果:该类语篇之必要组成部分和可选择有、各部分顺序等);

2. 普通生活中广泛的报告篇结构、基本格式及语言特点;

3. 消息报道的广泛语篇结构、题目特征和语言特点;

4. 告知篇中的显性衔接和连贯手段,如果:通过使用代词、一连词、省略句、代表等手段来实现的依赖代、一连、粗略、代表等衔接关系

5. 告知篇中的段首句、主题句、连句的意图、位置和行文特征;

6. 语境在报告篇被了解和告诉篇所起过程中的作用;语境与语篇结构、告知篇内容的涉及,依照:通过语境预测报告篇内容,通过语篇内容推测语篇发生的语境。

★告知篇知识要求(选择性必修)

1. 散文、诗、广告、访谈等语篇之重要目的(如果:发挥情感、玩、取得或传递信息)和这些语篇类型的报告篇结构特征;

2. 议论文语篇之朱涛创作目的和那个重要语篇结构特征和论证方法;

3. 文学语篇之写作风格和重要语言特征;

4. 专业与业余语篇、口头语书面语篇之语言特征和差异;

5. 告知篇中的信息集团办法,如果:告知篇被新旧信息的布局及承接关系

6. 语法结构在组织报告篇中的作用,如果:通过被动语态或调整为主复合句中主句和从句的职位,在剧中合理布局重要信息的职位,因为增强语篇之连贯性

7. 告知篇成分(如果:句子、句群、段落)中的语义逻辑关系,如果:先后关系、因果关系、包括和例证的涉及

先后七部分  文化知识

质方面:饮食、衣着、修建、交通、表明与创造等。

振奋方面:哲学、正确、教育、历史、文学、办法、价值观、德修养、审美情趣、

          社会规约、风等。

文化知识要求(必修)

1.刺探英美等国家的重要传统节日及那个历史和实际意义;比中外传统节日的异同,探索中外传统节日对知识认同、文化传承的价值和意义;

2. 刺探英美等国家的重要习俗;对比中国的重要习俗,重视和包容文化的多样性;

3.刺探英美等国家主流体育运动,感悟中外体育精神的共同诉求;

4. 刺探英美等国家的文学家、艺术家、科学家、政治家及其形成、奉等,学习和借鉴人类文明的好成果;

5. 察觉并懂得语篇被含有的不同文化要素,了解其中寓意;

6. 了解常用英语成语和俗语的知识内蕴;对比英汉语中常用成语和俗语的发表方式,感悟语言和知识的细关系;

7. 在学习活动受到开始感知和经验英语语言的得意;

8. 刺探英美等国家人们在作为举止和做人等方面和中国人口的异同,适当处理差异,自信大方,实现中沟通。

9. 学习并开始运用英语介绍中国的风俗节日和中华优秀传统文化(如果京剧、文学、描绘、公园、饮食文化等),有传播中华优秀传统文化的发现。

(2) 华夏文化词汇:

1. lunar                                 农历

2. spring festival couplet                 春联

3. firecracker                         鞭炮

4. dynasty                           朝

5. celebrate the spring festival                过年

6. lantern                            灯笼

7. red packets                        红包

8. pay new year’s call                   拜年

9. lucky money/ given money                       压岁钱

10. the dinner on new year’s eve                  年夜饭

11. bid farewell to the old year                     辞旧岁

12. Double-ninth Day                                          重阳节

13. Dragon Boat Festival                              端午节

14. traditional opera                                      戏曲

15. Mid-autumn Festival                               中秋节

16. motto                                                       座右铭;格言

17. a decorative handicraft art                   手工装饰艺术品

18.the Chinese zodiac                      生肖

19. avoid bad luck                        辟邪

20. totem                           画

21. the descendants of the dragon             上的后人

22. the typical, traditional costumes             异常的风俗服装

23. begin as early as … (start from …; originate from …) 开始于

24. a rich traditional activity                      严肃的风俗活动

25. Tomb-sweeping Day                               清明节

26. worship ancestors                                    祭拜祖先

27. guess riddles                                           猜谜语

28. set off fireworks                                     放鞭炮

29. temple fairs                                             集

30. paste couplets                                          贴对联

31. add merry atmosphere to the festival  增加节日的气氛

32. a traditional snack                                   风小吃

33. be welcomed / enjoyed by                      广泛受欢迎 = be popular among sb

34. be rich in plenty of …                             含有…

35. have a taste of childhood                      发生童年的意味

36. be convenient for use                      造福使用

37. have a mean of good wish                    发生祝福的意义

38. be famous / noted / well-known for (as)… 因为… 如果闻名;作为… 如果闻名

39. be perfectly integrated                       全面融合

40. an impressive place                          一个被人养深刻印象的地方

41. Chinese paintings                        国画

42. be rich in form and unique in style         花样多样,作风独特

43. open up the “Silk Road”                        开拓了丝绸之路

   promote the project of “One Belt, One Road”        倡议一带一路

44. have a colorful culture of folk music                           发生多姿多彩的民族音乐文化

45. an essence of Chinese culture                                    华夏文化的精华

46. be an integral element of Chinese culture                   凡是华夏文化不可或缺的因素

47. radiate fully the natural beauty                               一直显自然的美

48. be amazed by … / be astonished at …                      怪于…

49. be well-preserved                                完全保存

50. cover an area of …                               占地…

51. the most significant historical and cultural site            最重要的历史知识遗址

52. obtain its great reputation                               望远扬

53. a splendid building                              亮的建筑

54. be located/ situated  in …/lie in …                           位于…

55. a miracle in human history                                        人类历史中的奇迹

56. have a total length of …                                            毕竟长度为…

57. cultural relics                                     历史知识遗迹

58. natural landscapes                                      自然景观

59. enjoy horsemanship performance or a bonfire party    欣赏赛马比赛或篝火晚会

60. be a famous tourism city                                         一个名的游览城市

61. attract / appeal to innumerable tourists                      抓住了大量的游人

62. leave lots of everlasting poems and prose                    留了大量的无比佳作和诗歌

63. be in thousands of postures                          千姿百态

64. become the symbol of Chinese spirit                  成为中国精神的标记

65. begin to open to the public                        开始向群众开放

66. be historical and cultural attractions                  凡是历史知识旅游景点

67.  be full of wisdom                                           充满了智慧

68. turn a new page in the history of China                查阅了中国历史新的一页

69. be a fantastic place for sightseeing                   凡是旅游的好地方

70. A Dream in Red Mansions;                                  红楼梦  

   Heroes of the Marshes                                 水浒传

   The Romance of the Three Kingdoms               三国演义

   The Journey to the West                                 西游记

(3) 华夏传统文化文段:

(1) 汉语成语和寓言故事是华夏语言文化和智慧宝库中耀眼夺目的明珠。各则成语有相同段历史的古典,内容丰富,寓意深刻。寓言故事所有的道德教育作用远胜于其文学价值。它反映了中国人口的观念,它代代相传, 深入人心。

Being an important part of the Chinese language and culture, Chinese idioms and fables are precious treasures of Chinese wisdom. They are rich in content and have profound meanings as well. The merits of these stories lie not so much in their literary worth as in the common folk wisdom they convey. The significance of these folktales is the display of Chinese values. These Chinese values have been passed down from one generation to the next / another through the telling of tales.

(2) 在中原的风俗中,华人一贯把运动看成是强身健体和娱乐的方法。例如:端午节的龙舟竞、重阳节的登山、农历新年的舞龙,荡。作为一个有几千年继的多元化文化习俗的国家,华夏已在世界体育里占有了重要的地位,增长了人类文明的体育知识。

Traditionally, Chinese people view sports as an essential method for fit-keeping as well as for entertainment, like the dragon-boat race during the Dragon-boat Festival, mountain-climbing during the Double-ninth Festival and dragon-dance and lion-dance during the Spring Festival. Being a country with diverse cultural traditions passed down from one generation to another over thousands of years, China is playing an important part in the sporting world and enriching the sports culture of human

(3) 中国结是同种民族特有的手工编织工艺品,有悠久的历史。它开始远古,提高为唐宋,兴于明清。中国结经常被用来表示良好的祝愿,包括幸福、繁荣、情和辟邪。它是华夏人口代代传承下来的民间手工艺品,表示在华夏传统文化的精华。

Traditional Chinese knots are typical arts ofChinawith a long history. It appeared in ancient time, developed in Tang and Song Dynasties and publicized in Ming and Qing Dynasties. Chinese knots are often used to express good wishes, including happiness, prosperity, love and the absence of evil. Chinese knot has been passed down from generation to generation as a folk handicraft with profound cultural connotations. 

(4) 在中原的风俗文化中,人际关系讲究“和为贵 ”。

In Chinese tradition, when it comes to personal relationship, people mean harmony is the most significant.

(5)  它是民族优秀文化的精华,承着这个古老民族的旺盛追求和民族特点。

It is not only the essence of the nation’s splendid cultures but also carries the nation’s spiritual

seeking/pursuit and national characteristics.  

(6) 在中原的风俗文化中,龙是这个中华民族的绘画。即使:华夏人口是上的后人。

In the traditional Chinese culture, dragon is the nation’s totem, namely, the Chinese are its posterities.

(7) 怀念要了解中国和中华人口,即使必须了解汉语和汉字。目前,传播汉语的孔子学院遍布世界各个,它搭起了世道了解中国和中华了解世界的桥梁。

To understandChinaand the Chinese, one ought to set about understanding the Chinese language and its characters. Nowadays, Kongzi Institutes for foreigners to learn the Chinese language have been set up/founded almost all over the world. They have set up the bridge between the foreigners who want to know about China and its cultures and the Chinese who are ready to get close to foreign cultures.

(8) 丝绸之路是一个国际通道,历史悠久。它在中西文化交流之间建立了同栋桥。

TheSilk Roadwas an international passage with historical significance. It helped to promote the exchange of the western and eastern communications as well as civilizations.

(9) 每年农历的八月十五是华夏传统的中秋节。在这个节来临,人人还会回家团聚,如果那些不能回家的人数虽然眺望明月,怀念家人和家乡。

The 15th day of every 8th lunar month is the traditional Chinese Mid-Autumn Festival. When the festival comes on, people will go all the way home to join their family in the celebration, while those unable to reunite with their family will watch the full moon hanging high in the sky and give best wishes to their hometown and all the folks in their heart.

(10) 书法是靠文字来陶冶情操,发挥情感的方法。它是汉字独有的方法,啊是被中国和世界人民喜爱的方法样式。虽然书法以汉字为达工具,但是欣赏书法并不要了解汉语。在中原文化中,书法历史悠久,并且因其抽象和整肃而被公认为是最有启发性力量的方法样式。在中原人民看来,书法不仅是交朋友的同种好方法,并且能够保健身体。

Chinese calligraphy is an art of self-cultivation and self-expression with Chinese characters. It reflects the mood of the writer and has the unique beauty of Chinese script. Today, it is enjoyed by people throughout the world. One doesn’t have to know Chinese while appreciating its beauty since calligraphy use Chinese characters as its vehicles to communicate the spiritual world of the artist. In Chinese history, calligraphy dates from the earliest day, and has been widely practiced throughoutChinauntil the present day. It is so abstract and sublime that in Chinese culture it is taken as the most enlightening art form. For the Chinese average people, practicing calligraphy is not only a good means to make friends but also helps people build up their bodies. (= but also benefits people in keeping fit.)

(11) 华夏饮食文化

1. 筷子起源于古代中国,新兴传入越南、日本和韩国。

  Chopsticks originated in ancient China and later spread to Vietnam, Japan and South Korea.

2. 筷子可以用多材料制作。例如:动物骨头、竹子、木材、银子等。

Chopsticks can be made of animal's bones, bamboo, wood silver and other materials. However, most of them are made of wood and bamboo nowadays.

3. 筷子既用方便,发生经济实惠。所以,逐渐成为亚洲文化的重要代表。

Chopsticks are convenient for use and cheap in price. So they have evolved into an important symbol of Asian culture.

4. 用时,人人习惯用筷子夹在拇指和其他手指之间,用于夹起食物。所以筷子随意摆布盘中的菜肴是多不礼貌的行为。在中原的多地方,长辈不动筷子,晚辈是不可以先夹食物的。立即本的是尊老的风俗美德。

During the meal, chopsticks are held between the thumb and one of the fingers. And in this way,  people can pick up pieces of food. It is bad manners to stir up the dishes in the plates as one likes. In quite a lot of places inChina, the younger ones are not permitted to pick up food before their older family members

start to eat, which is a good behavior to respect the elderly people.

(4) 世界成语:

一举两得                            kill two birds with one stone

乱                            have butterflies in one’s stomach

本性难移                            The leopard can’t change its spots.

害群之马                            the black sheep of the society

不符合虎穴焉得虎子             Nothing venture, nothing gain

畏首畏尾                            have one’s tail between one’s legs

坚持不懈                            The waters wear the stones.

班门弄斧                            teach one’s grandmother how to suck eggs

画蛇添足                            paint the lily

表现树不见林                            can not see the wood for the trees

人口不得貌相                            One cannot judge a tree by its bark.

乘                            Strike while the iron is hot.

回头                            change one’s habits for the better

观其执行使知那人                   A person should be judged by his deeds, not by his words.

化干戈为玉帛                 beat swords into plowshares

独木不成林                 One tree doesn’t make a forest.

远亲不如近邻                       Better neighbors that is near than a brother far off.

浅尝辄止响叮当                 Empty vessels make the most noise.

不论风不从浪                 There is no smoke without fire.            

困难                look for a needle in a haystack               

言多必失                When words are many, sin is not absent.=Holding one’s tongue is wise.

防止                nip in the bud

其三只臭皮匠胜过诸葛亮    Two heads are better than one.

心有余而力不足                   The spirit is willing but the flesh is weak.    

画比剑更有能力               The pen is mightier than the sword.

了如指掌                         understand someone like the palm of one’s hands

星星之火可以燎原               A single fire can start a prairie fire.

捷足先登                The early bird catches the worms.

设身处地                be in another man’s shoes

沉着                look as cool as a cucumber

茅塞顿开                The scales fall from one’s eyes.

种瓜得瓜种豆得豆              As a man sows, so he shall reap.

锦上添花                 apples of gold in pictures of silver

  For people who suffer from disasters, the urgent need is not “apples of gold in pictures of silver” but “fuel in snowy weather”.

身教胜于言教。                  Acts speak louder than words.

刚巧人先正己。                         He is not fit to command others that cannot command himself.

有尝试,才能够有所作为。Something attempted, something done.

吃一堑,长一智。                 Experience is the best teacher.

众人拾柴火焰高。                 Many hands make light work.

今日的事不要耽搁到明天。     Never leave that until tomorrow, which you can do today.

(5) 外国文化:

(1) Christmas is a festival celebrated by Christians on December 25th to mark the birth of Jesus Christ.

Most western nations now celebrate Christmas from December 24 (Christmas Eve) through January 1st or 6th. Over the years, many nations have celebrated Christmas in their own way, leading to an abundance of different customs and traditions for celebrating the holiday.

(2) April Fool’s Day falls on the first day of April when people play tricks on others, especially telling them something that is not true. It is an interesting festival which is said to originate in France. 

(3) William Shakespeare is considered the greatest writer and poet of the English language. He wrote 37 plays all throughout his life, of which his early play Romeo and Juliet was the most famous. His works were popular because they accurately showed human natures and characters. 

(4) A tip is extra money given to a server, such as a waiter or taxi driver to reward particularly good

service. Tipping probably originated inLondonduring the 18th century. Tipping is a common

practice in various countries, especially inAmerica. It is because the employers in theU.S.are permitted to pay the waiters or waitresses in restaurants below the government-decreed minimum hourly wage.

 (5) Mother’s Day is celebrated on the second Sunday in May. On this occasion, Mother usually receives greeting cards and gifts from her husband and children. For most mothers, the rarest and best gift is a day of rest. Often, families honor Mother by taking her out for a big dinner so that Mom can spend a while day away from the kitchen. Besides, flowers are an important part of the holiday. Mothers are often given carnation.

(6) Baseball is so popular a sport in the United States that it  is considered as America’s national game. Almost every city in the country has one or more baseball leagues. When a new season comes, the president of theUnited Stateswill get to the field and throw out the first ball of the sea – the opening pitch. Unlike the other games – basketball and football, baseball is an ideal sport for individual performances rather than community’s. 

 (7) Charles Dickens was an English author, generally considered the most popular writer of the 1800s. His books reflect his observations and personal experience with the lives of the rich and poor inLondonduring the time of QueenVictoria. He tried to use his vivid descriptions of the suffering of the poor to help improve their situations, especially in his stories of poor children and orphans. His most famous books about poor children are Oliver Twist (1838), David Copperfield (1850), and Great Expectations (1861). So far, his works have enjoyed great popularity among the youth and teenagers all over the world.

先后八部分 语言技能     新课程标准 (必修)

关怀点1

1. 根据上下文语境准确使用词汇,尤其是动词;

2. 实在题意识和过程意识;

3. 思考写作提纲,进行与填充支撑素材;

4. 提升逻辑思维能力;

5. 得体性和交际性;

6. 强调四种发现:目的意识、读者意识、任务意识、礼貌意识。

关怀点2

1. 依靠背诵和宪章模板的教学和写作模式都不中用了;

2. 缺乏语境和语用意识会导致高考写作分数的少;

3. 补恰当的细节,增加灵活度同肆意发挥的空中已经成为今后的趋势;

4. 有扎实语言表达基本功、写作连贯、适当交际的考生才是胜者。

(第二)经验体会和反思

1.重视研究和细节。

2.学生的解题能力是教师说出的。

3.立在学生的角度考虑,调整教学思路,授课,辅导,选题,自然要发生对。

  (其三)改进措施和做法

1.备课会互相交流讲课心得。

2.做好早读,课堂,课后作业。

3.每日一练,全面练出题要创新,发生新意,发生对,内容具体,发生开放性,立足考查的角度,直击学生的困惑点。依照,返回后我被大家有了同张每日一练。

每日一练24

同,多项选择题

答案1. ABCD  2.BC  3.ABCD  4.ABCD  5.AD

1. I’ve always believed that happiness ________ than money.

A. matters more     B. counts more    C. is more important  D. is more valuable

2. It is high time that we should take some measures to protect endangered animals.(选择和划线部分有同义词的挑选)

A. weights and measures   B. safety measures

C. an emergency measure    D. beyond measure

3. 啊组是同义词块?

A. count sb. as…/consider sb. as…  B. count on/depend on

C. account for/make up    D. in some measure/ to some degree/to a certain degree

4. 那组单词形式是正确的?

A. argument, measurement  B. extremely, possibly  

C. writing , waiting         D. occurred, referred

5. 在自己看来,应该使用更多有效的方法来解决交通压力。

________, more effective measures should ___________to relieve the heavy traffic.

A. Personally speaking , be taken   B. In my opinion, takes

C. From my point of view, taking  D. As far as I am concerned, be taken

第二、根据汉语和英语提示用相当的词或短语完成句子。第二、1. accounts for   2. occurred to him  3. accurate   4. considerable  5. considerate   6.is located  7. Located    8.be exposed to,

9.exposed to 10.is picking up

. My study time (占) ____________________80% of my daily life. (account)

2. The idea _________________________(出现在他的脑子中) in a dream . (occur)

3. It’s difficult to get ________figures on population numbers.(exact/precise的同义词)

4. The project wasted a(n) _____________(consider)amount of time and money.

5.We have all wished for men who are more (关怀的)___________________.(consider)

6.The factory ___________________on this street.(位于于)locate

7.________________(位于于)on this street, the factory is easy to find.(locate)

8.In the future you will __________________more and more choice.(expose)

9. But the world is full of things that grow stronger when _____________stress.(expose)

10. The wind______  _______  _______ (尤其刮越大) now. (pick)